Kabiligi, Gratien

Gratien KabiligiGratien Kabiligi was the Chief of Military Operations within the High Command of the Rwandan Army at the time of country’s genocide in 1994. Kabiligi was responsible for planning, coordinating and ensuring the execution of military operations throughout Rwanda at this time.

According to the Amended Indictment against Gratien Kabiligi and Aloys Ntabakuze of 13 August 1999, from 7 April 1994 until late July 1994, military subordinates of Kabiligi massacred members of the Tutsi population and moderate Hutu. Conspiring with Théoneste Bagosora and Anatole Nsengiyumva, the Prosecution alleges that Kabiligi and Ntabakuze were instrumental in the direction and execution of the genocide which left some 800,000 dead.

Kabiligi was charged with conspiracy to commit genocide; genocide; complicity in genocide; and murder, rape, persecution, extermination and “inhumane acts” as crimes against humanity. Additionally, Kabiligi is charged with the killing of civilians and outrages upon personal dignity as serious violations of Common Article 3 (Geneva Conventions).

Gratien Kabiligi was arrested in Kenya on 18 July 1997. Kabiligi was tried in the so-called “Military I” case at the ICTR alongside Bagosora, Ntabakuze and Nsengiyumva. Kabiligi pleaded not guilty to all charges.

The Trial Judgement was delivered on 18 December 2008. Gratien Kabiligi was found not guilty and acquitted of all charges.

Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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