Aloys Ntabakuze was the Commander of the Para-Commando Battalion in the Rwandan Army at the time of country’s genocide in 1994.
According to the Amended Indictment against Aloys Ntabakuze and Gratien Kabiligi of 13 August 1999, from 7 April 1994 until late July 1994, military subordinates of Ntabakuze massacred members of the Tutsi population and moderate Hutu. Conspiring with Théoneste Bagosora and Anatole Nsengiyumva, the Prosecution alleges that Ntabakuze and Kabiligi were instrumental in the direction and execution of the genocide which left some 800,000 dead.
Ntabakuze was charged with conspiracy to commit genocide; genocide; complicity in genocide; and murder, rape, persecution, extermination and “inhumane acts” as crimes against humanity. Additionally, Ntabakuze is charged with the killing of civilians and outrages upon personal dignity as serious violations of Common Article 3 (Geneva Conventions).
Aloys Ntabakuze was arrested in Kenya on 18 July 1997. Ntabakuze was tried in the so-called “Military I” case at the ICTR alongside Bagosora, Kabiligi and Nsengiyumva. Ntabakuze pleaded not guilty to all charges.
The Trial Judgement was delivered on 18 December 2008. Ntabakuze was convicted of conspiracy to commit genocide; genocide; complicity in genocide; and crimes against humanity. Aloys Ntabakuze received a life sentence.