Nsengiyumva, Anatole

Lieutenant-Colonel Anatole Nsengiyumva was Commander of Military Operations for the Gisenyi sector in north-western Rwanda at the time of country’s genocide in 1994. In this capacity, Nsengiyumva exercised authority over the military in Gisenyi sector. 

A 'Tutsi' ID card in Rwanda at the time of the genocide (click to enlarge)According to the Amended Indictment against Anatole Nsengiyumva of 12 August 1999, from June 1993 until July 1994, Nsengiyumva supervised the training of the Hutu-led Mouvement républicain national pour la démocratie et le développement (MRND) militia, the Interahamwe.  Between 7 April and late July 1994, some 800,000 Rwandan Tutsi and moderate Hutu were massacred by the Interahamwe and other militia groups in a bid to “exterminate” the Tutsi population.

Nsengiyumva was charged with conspiracy to commit genocide; genocide; complicity in genocide; direct and public incitement to commit genocide; and murder, rape, persecution, extermination and “inhumane acts” as crimes against humanity. Additionally, Nsengiyumva is charged with the killing of civilians and outrages upon personal dignity as serious violations of Common Article 3 (Geneva Conventions).

Anatole Nsengiyumva was arrested in Cameroon on 27 March 1996. Nsengiyumva was tried in the so-called “Military I” case at the ICTR alongside Théoneste Bagosora, Aloys Ntabakuze and Gratien Kabiligi. Nsengiyumva pleaded not guilty to all charges.

The Trial Judgement was delivered on 18 December 2008. Nsengiyumva was convicted of conspiracy to commit genocide; genocide; complicity in genocide; and crimes against humanity. Anatole Nsengiyumva received a life sentence.


Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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