Jean-Bosco Uwinkindi was Pastor of the Pentecostal Church in Kanzenze, Kigali-Rural préfecture during the events of April to July 1994. The indictment against Uwinkindi alleges that prior to, and during, the genocide he was a collaborator of the extremist MRND (Mouvement républicain national pour la démocratie et le développement) party and known for his hatred of Tutsis.
The indictment alleges that during the genocide, Uwinkindi led a group of killers to look for and exterminate Tutsi civilians, and on numerous occasions planned, instigated, ordered and committed acts of genocide against Tutsis. The prosecution further charges that after Uwinkindi fled Rwanda in July 1994, “approximately two thousand corpses” were found near to his former church. Accordingly, Jean-Bosco Uwinkindi is charged with three counts of genocide, conspiracy to commit genocide and extermination as a crime against humanity.
As part of its Rewards for Justice initiative, the United States offered a reward of up to $5 million for information leading to the arrest or conviction of Jean-Bosco Uwinkindi.
Uwinkindi was arrested on 30 June 2010 in Kampala, Uganda. On 2 July 2010 he was transferred to the UN Detention Facility in Arusha. Uwinkindi pleaded not guilty to all of the charges against him on 9 July 2010. At the beginning of November 2010, the Prosecutor at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) filed a request for the referral of the case against Uwinkindi to the national jurisdiction of Rwanda.
On 29 June 2011 the ICTR Referral Chamber decided to refer the case of Jean Uwinkindi to the Republic of Rwanda to be tried in the Rwandan national court system under Rule 11 bis, marking the first time in the Tribunal’s history it has done so.