ICC Prosecutor launches Libya investigation 03 Mar 2011
The Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court has opened a formal investigation into alleged crimes against humanity in Libya, naming Muammar Gaddafi as one of those responsible over the forces attacking civilians.


In a press conference on 3 March 2011, the ICC Prosecutor, Mr Moreno-Ocampo, stated that Moammar Gadhafi's security forces are alleged to have attacked "peaceful demonstrators" in several towns and cities across Libya since 15 February, and he identified Gadhafi and several commanders and regime officials as having formal or de facto command over the forces that may have committed such crimes. He said the court was using the opportunity to put these individuals on notice that they could be held criminally responsible for the crimes of forces under their command. He also warned leaders of the Libyan opposition that they could be investigated if allegations were made against them.

Only Moammar Gadhafi was specifically mentioned, but Mr Moreno-Ocampo identified seven people by their positions to be investigated. They were the head of Gadhafi's personal security , the director-general of the external security organization, the spokesman of the regime, the head of the security forces, the minister of foreign affairs. In addition, the roles occupied by two of Gadhafi’s sons, Khamis and Muatassim, were included: commander of the 32 battalion and the national security adviser.

Mr Moreno-Ocampo said he did not yet know how many officials would be in the final list of suspects. It could take several months before he presents his case to judges and requests arrest warrants.

"We are not saying who is responsible yet," he said. "Today is the start of the investigation."

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