Sredoje Lukić was a member of a Bosnian “White Eagles” or “Avengers”. The group worked with local police and military units in exacting a reign of terror upon the local Muslim population during the 1992-1995 conflict. Sredoje Lukić has been indicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) for persecutions on political, racial and religious grounds, murder, inhumane acts, cruel treatment and extermination. He was originally indicted with his cousin, Milan Lukić, and Mitar Vasiljević. On 24 July 2001, with Milan and Sredoje Lukić still at large, the Trial Chamber ordered that Vasiljević be tried separately.
On 20 September 2005, Sredoje Lukić pleaded not guilty to all charges. Sredoje Lukić was found guilty of committing or aiding and abetting the commission of persecutions, murder, extermination, cruel treatment and inhumane acts, as well as war crimes related to three of these incidents. Sredoje Lukić received a sentence of 30 years’ imprisonment.
On 19 August 2009 the defence and the prosecution filed their notices of appeal.
On 2 November 2009 the defence and the prosecution filed their appeal briefs.The ICTY’s Approach to 'Large-Scale' Killing: Reflections on the Lukić & Lukić case