Learning & Education
Veselin Šljivančanin was a major in the Yugoslav Peoples Army (JNA) and a security officer of the 1st Guards Motorised Brigade and Southern Operational Unit. Šljivančanin is accused of having participated in the attack on Vukovar which took place from the end of August until 18 November 1991. During the siege of Vukovar and the occupation which followed the fall of the city, hundreds of non-Serb civilians were killed or forced to leave by the Serbian forces. Veselin Šljivančanin allegedly directed, commanded, controlled, or otherwise exercised effective control over the Serb forces.
Veselin Šljivančanin was initially indicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia on 7 November 1995, along with Mile Mrkšić and Miroslav Radić (Case IT-95-13/1 "Vukovar Hospital"). The latest indictment of 15 November 2004 accuses Šljivančanin of having responsibility for the mass killing at Ovčara, near Vukovar, of approximately 260 captive non-Serb men. He was also charged with other crimes against humanity and war crimes. Šljivančanin pleaded not guilty to all the charges.
On 27 September 2007 the Trial Chamber found Veselin Šljivančanin guilty of aiding and abetting torture of prisoners taken from Vukovar Hospital because he had failed to ensure that JNA guards under his authority at Ovčara had prevented Serb paramilitary forces from beating the prisoners. He was sentenced to five years in prison.
On 5 May 2009 the Appeals Chamber rendered its judgement in the appeal. The Appeals Chamber found that the Trial Chamber erred in acquitting Šljivančanin of aiding and abetting the murder of 194 people at Ovčara farm. The Appeals Chamber also increased his sentence from 5 to 17 years' imprisonment.
On 28 January 2010 Veselin Šljivančanin filed a motion for review of the appeal judgment.
On 14 July 2010 the Appeals Chamber granted Veselin Šljivančanin’s motion for review.
On 14 October 2010 the parties presented their oral arguments.
On 8 December 2010 the Appeals Chamber rendered the review judgment, changing the sentence to 10 years’ imprisonment.