Kovač, Radomir

Radomir Kovač was one of the sub-commanders of the military police and a paramilitary leader in Foča during the Bosnian War. Between April 1992 and February 1993, Kovač participated in a campaign which sought, inter alia, to rid the Foča area of its non-Serb inhabitants. One of the targets of the campaign was the Muslim civilian population, particularly the women. They were detained in various centres where the conditions of hygiene were deplorable and where they were subjected to many acts of physical violence, including multiple rapes.

On 22 February 2001, Radomir Kovač was sentenced to 20 years’ imprisonment for enslavement and rape as crimes against humanity and rape and outrages upon personal dignity as violations of the laws or customs of war. The sentence was confirmed on appeal.

The case against Dragoljub Kunarac, Radomir Kovač and Zoran Vuković (“Foča”) was the first case at the ICTY in which the accused were convicted of rape as a crime against humanity (and not only as a violation of the laws and customs of war). This case also marked the first time that an international tribunal prosecuted sexual slavery.

On 28 November 2002 Radmir Kovac was transferred to Norway to serve the remainder of his sentence and credit was given for the time served in detention since 2 August 1999.

The Foča "Rape Camps": A dark page read through the ICTY's jurisprudence
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