Learning & Education
Dragoljub Kunarac was the commander of a special unit for reconnaissance of the Bosnian Serb Army in the area of Foča between June 1992 and February 1993. Kunarac participated in a campaign which sought, inter alia, to rid the Foča area of its non-Serb inhabitants. One of the targets of the campaign was the Muslim civilian population, particularly the women. They were detained in various centres where the conditions of hygiene were deplorable and where they were subjected to many acts of physical violence, including multiple rapes.
On 22 February 2001, Dragoljub Kunarac was sentenced to 28 years’ imprisonment for torture, rape and enslavement as crimes against humanity and torture and rape as violations of the laws or customs of war. The sentence was confirmed on appeal.
The case against Dragoljub Kunarac, Radomir Kovač and Zoran Vuković (“Foča”) was the first case at the ICTY in which the accused were convicted of rape as a crime against humanity (and not only as a violation of the laws and customs of war). This case also marked the first time that an international tribunal had prosecuted sexual slavery.