Sovereignty over Pedra Branca/Pulau Batu Puteh, Middle Rocks and South Ledge (Malaysia/Singapore)

On 24 July 2003, Malaysia and Singapore jointly seized the International Court of Justice (ICJ) of a dispute concerning sovereignty over three maritime features in the Straits of Singapore: Pedra Branca/Pulau Batu Puteh, Middle Rocks and South Ledge. The Court was requested to determine whether sovereignty belonged to Malaysia or to the Republic of Singapore.

The Court delivered its Judgment on Friday 23 May 2008.  It found that sovereignty over Pedra Branca/Pulau Batu Puteh belonged to the Republic of Singapore and that sovereignty over Middle Rocks belonged to Malaysia. The Court refrained from awarding South Ledge to either country, ruling that sovereignty over the low-tide elevation belongs to the State in whose territorial waters it is located.

Passing of Sovereignty: the Malaysia/Singapore Territorial Dispute before the ICJSovereignty over Pedra Branca/Pulau Batu Puteh, etc: Declaration of Judge Ranjeva (French version only), 23-5-2008The Repercussions of the Similarities between Sipadan/Ligitan and Pedra Branca Disputes (M. Faizal and E. Quek)
Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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