The trial against Guus Kouwenhoven, a Dutch businessman, started at the District Court of The Hague on 24 April 2006. He was accused of having delivered arms to Liberia and of being involved in war crimes committed in that country. Kouwenhoven was also charged with having breached the embargo decreed by the United Nations (UN) with respect to Liberia. On 7 June 2006, the District Court sentenced Kouwenhoven to eight years’ imprisonment for violating the Dutch weapons embargo and for actions prohibited in view of the sanctions on the Taylor regime pronounced by the United Nations. Both the Defence and the Prosecution appealed the District Court’s judgement.
The Dutch Court of Appeal overturned the 2006 conviction by the District Court of The Hague. In its judgement, which was made public on 10 March 2008, the Court of Appeal acquitted Kouwenhoven of all charges – including allegations that he had participated in war crimes allegedly committed by Liberian troops and militias from 2000 to 2002.De beperkte rechtsmacht van de Wet Internationale Misdrijven (P. Duyx)De Wet Internationale Misdrijven: implicaties voor het materiële strafrecht (M.M. Dolman)