Joseph Kony is the chairman and commander-in-chief of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), a rebel group which has been carrying out an insurgency against the Government of Uganda and the Ugandan Army since 1987. The LRA has been directing attacks against both the authorities and against civilian populations. It is alleged that in 2002 Joseph Kony ordered LRA forces to begin a campaign of attacks against civilians in Uganda. The LRA has since engaged in a cycle of violence and established a pattern of “brutalization of civilians” by acts including murder, abduction, sexual enslavement, mutilation, as well as mass burnings of houses and the looting of camp settlements.
An arrest warrant for Joseph Kony was issued by the International Criminal Court on 7 July 2005 and amended on 27 September 2005. Joseph Kony has been charged on the basis of his individual criminal responsibility with 12 counts of crimes against humanity and 21 counts of war crimes. He remains at large.The Controversial Actions of the ICC Prosecutor: a Crisis of Maturity?