International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda

The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) was established in 1994 by United Nations Security Council Resolution 955. It was established to prosecute those responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of Rwanda between January and December 1994. The ICTR is has its seat in Arusha, Tanzania although its Appeals Chamber is located in The Hague.

In Resolution 1503 (2003), the UN Security Council called on the ICTR to complete all trials at first instance by the end of 2008 and all appeals by 2010. It is unlikely that these deadlines will be met however and in mid-2008 the ICTR Prosecutor requested that the Security Council extend the completion dates.

Calendar of court proceedings before the ICTR

Committing Genocide by Integral-Part Participation: The ICTR Appeals Chamber judgement in Prosecutor v. SerombaFormer Rwandan minister transferred to ICTRSupranational Criminal Prosecution of Sexual Violence (A.M. de Brouwer) The "Media case" before the Rwanda Tribunal: The Nahimana et al. Appeal JudgementThe "Media case" before the Rwanda Tribunal: The Nahimana et al. Appeal JudgementThe "Media case" before the Rwanda Tribunal: The Nahimana et al. Appeal JudgementThe Future of International Criminal JusticeThe Hague eyes UN archives
News
Action Plan on Cluster Munitions ApprovedAgreement paves way for Rwanda to hold ICTR prisonersAppeals Chamber affirms Kalimanzira genocide convictionAppeals Chamber confirms Muhimana's sentence of life imprisonmentArrest of Félicien Kabuga “top priority” for ICTRBagaragaza case referred to the NetherlandsBagaragaza pleads guilty at ICTRBagaragaza sentenced to 8 yearsBelgian court sentences Rwandan army majorCatholic Priest acquitted by ICTRConvicted journalist released early in violation of ICTR StatuteDame Rosalyn Higgins awarded The Hague Prize 2009Dominique Ntawukuriryayo convicted of genocideFormer ICTR Defence investigator guilty of contemptFormer priest found guilty of genocideFormer Rwandan Army Colonel guilty of GenocideFormer Rwandan businessman convicted of GenocideFormer Rwandan singer found guilty of inciting genocideFrance transfers Rwandan genocide suspect Fugitives, referrals and acquittals top ICTR agendaGatete Trial starts at ICTRGenocide in Rwanda: The search for justice 15 years onHategekimana convicted of GenocideHistoric verdicts for ICTR Appeals ChamberICTR Appeals Chamber upholds Karera life sentenceICTR convicts former priest of GenocideICTR Prosecutor appeals Seromba's sentenceICTR Prosecutor files applications for referralsICTR Prosecutor requests annulment of NL referral Kalimanzira sentenced 30 years' for GenocideLife imprisonment for génocidaire NchamihigoMuvunyi re-trial begins at ICTRNdahimana Trial Begins at ICTRNdindabahizi's life imprisonment sentence confirmedNew commentaryNew Commentary on Hague Justice PortalNew commentary on Hague Justice PortalNew commentary onlineNouvelle traduction en ligneNtawukuriryayo trial begins at ICTRNzabirinda given seven-year sentenceNzabonimana trial commences at ICTRRukundo sentence reduced to 23 yearsRwanda Tribunal overturns genocide rulingRwandan priest gets life imprisonment on appeal Sixth new trial of 2009 begins at ICTRTharcisse Muvunyi sentenced to15 years after retrial Trial of former military Commander begins at ICTRTrial of suspected génocidaire begins at ICTRTwenty years for génocidaire ZigiranyirazoYussuf Munyakazi sentenced to 25 years
Research/ Court Documents
Pros. v. L. Nshogoza: Appeals Judgement, 15-03-2010Copy of Pros. v. A. Ndindilyimana et al.: Amended Indictment, 22-09-2002Copy of Pros. v. C. Nzabonimana et al.: Indictment, 21-11-2001Copy of Pros. v. M. Muhimana: Appeal Judgment, 21-5-2007F. Nahimana, J.-B. Barayagwiza and H. Ngeze v. Pros: Appeals Judgement, 28-11-2007 (French)Pros. v. A. Musema: Appeals, 16-11-2001Pros. v. A. Musema: Corrigendum, 16-11-2001Pros. v. A. Musema: Judgement and Sentence, 27-01-2000Pros. v. A. Musma: Indictment, 11-07-1996Pros. v. A. Ndindilyimana et al.: Amended Indictment, 22-09-2002Pros. v. A. Ngirabatware: Indictment, 27-9-1999Pros. v. A. Nsengiyumva: Amended Indictment, 12-8-1999Pros. v. A. Ntagerura et al.: Appeals Judgement, 7-7-2006Pros. v. A. Ntagerura et al.: Judgement and sentence, 25-2-2004Pros. v. A. Ntagerura et al.: Summary of Appeals Judgement, 7-7-2006 (in French)Pros. v. A. Ntagerura: Amended Indictment, 26-12-1997Pros. v. A. Rwamakuba: Decision on appropriate remedy, 31-1-2007Pros. v. A. Rwamakuba: Indictment, 9-6-2005Pros. v. A. Rwamakuba: Judgment & Sentence, 20-9-2006Pros. v. A. Seromba: Appeals Judgement, 12-3-2008Pros. v. A. Seromba: Appeals Judgement, 12-3-2008Pros. v. A. Seromba: Appeals Judgement, 12-3-2008Pros. v. A. Seromba: Decision on Defence Motions to Annul or Withdraw the Indictment, 13-1-2004Pros. v. A. Seromba: Decision on Motion for Disqualification of Judges, 25-4-2006 Pros. v. A. Seromba: Indictment, 8-6-2001Pros. v. A. Seromba: Judgement, 13-12-2006Pros. v. A. Seromba: Summary of Appeals Judgement, 12-3-2008Pros. v. A. Seromba: Summary of the Judgement, 13-12-2006 (French)Pros. v. A. Simba: Amended Indictment, 6-5-2004Pros. v. A. Simba: Appeal Judgement, 27-11-2007Pros. v. A. Simba: Indictment, December 2001 (French)Pros. v. A. Simba: Judgement, 13-12-2005Pros. v. B. Munyagishari: Indictment, 9-6-2005Pros. v. C. Bizimungu et al.: Decision on Defence Motions pursuant to Rule 98 BIS, 22-11-2005Pros. v. C. Bizimungu et al.: Decision on Defence Motions pursuant to Rule 98 BIS, 31-10-2005Pros. v. C. Bizimungu et al.: Indictment, 13-09-1999Pros. v. C. Kalimanzira: Indictment, 21-7-2005Pros. v. C. Kalimanzira: Judgement, 22-6-2009Pros. v. C. Kayishema and O. Ruzindana: Appeals Judgement (Reasons), 1-6-2001Pros. v. C. Kayishema and O. Ruzindana: First Amended Indictment, 29-4-1996Pros. v. C. Kayishema and O. Ruzindana: Judgement and Sentence, 21-5-1999Pros. v. C. Kayishema et al.: First Amended Indictment, 29-4-1996Pros. v. C. Nzabonimana et al.: Indictment, 21-11-2001Pros. v. E. Karemera et al.: Amended Indictment, 24-8-2005Pros. v. E. Ndindabahizi: Amended Indictment, 7-7-2003Pros. v. E. Ndindabahizi: Appeals Judgement, 16-1-2007Pros. v. E. Ndindabahizi: Judgement and Sentence, 15-7-2004Pros. v. E. Ndindabahizi: Summary of the Judgement and Sentence, 15-7-2004Pros. v. E. Niyitegeka: Amended Indictment, 25-11-2002Pros. v. E. Niyitegeka: Appeals Judgment, 9-7-2004Pros. v. E. Niyitegeka: Judgement and sentence, 16-5-2003Pros. v. E. Niyitegeka: Summary of the Appeals Judgment, 9-7-2004Pros. v. E. Ntakirutimana and G. Ntakirutimana: Appeals Judgement, 13-12-2004Pros. v. E. Ntakirutimana and G. Ntakirutimana: Indictment (Bisesero), 7-7-1998Pros. v. E. Ntakirutimana and G. Ntakirutimana: Indictment (Mugonero), 20-10-2000Pros. v. E. Ntakirutimana and G. Ntakirutimana: Sentencing Judgement, 21-2-2003Pros. v. E. Ntakirutimana and G. Ntakirutimana: Summary of Judgement, 19-2-2003Pros. v. E. Rukundo: Appeals Judgment, 20-10-2010Pros. v. E. Rukundo: Indictment, 27-03-03Pros. v. E. Rukundo: Judgement, 27-02-09Pros. v. F. Karera: Amended Indictment, 19-12-2005Pros. v. F. Karera: Appeals Judgement, 2-2-2009Pros. v. F. Karera: Judgement and sentence, 7-12-2007Pros. v. F. Kayishema: Decision on Referral, 16-12-2008Pros. v. F. Kayishema: Indictment, 5-7-2001Pros. v. F. Nahimana et al.: Appeals Judgement, 28-11-2007Pros. v. F. Nahimana et al.: Judgement and sentence, 3-12-2003Pros. v. F. Nahimana et al.: Summary of Appeals Judgement, 28-11-2007Pros. v. F. Nahimana et al.: Summary of the Judgement, 3-12-2003Pros. v. F. Nahimana: Amended Indictement, 15-11-1999Pros. v. G. Kabiligi & A. Ntabakuze: Amended Indictment, 13-8-1999Pros. v. G. Kanyarukiga: Decision on Appeal against decision on referral, 30-10-2008Pros. v. G. Kanyarukiga: Decision on Referral, 6-6-2008Pros. v. G. Kanyarukiga: Indictment, 21-2-2002Pros. v. G. Ndahimana : Indictment, 10-6-2001Pros. v. G. Ruggio: Amended Indictment, 10-12-1998Pros. v. G. Ruggio: Judgement and sentence, 1-6-2000Pros. v. G. Rutaganda: Appeals Judgement, 26-5-2003Pros. v. G. Rutaganda: Indictment, 13-2-1996Pros. v. G. Rutaganda: Judgement and Sentence, 6-12-1999Pros. v. H. Ngeze: Amended Indictment, 10-11-1999Pros. v. H. Nsengimana: Indictment, 10-8-2001Pros. v. H. Nsengimana: Judgement, 16-11-2009Pros. v. I. Bagilishema: Amended indictment, 17-9-1999Pros. v. I. Bagilishema: Appeals Judgement, 3-7-2002Pros. v. I. Bagilishema: Judgement, 7-6-2001Pros. v. I. Hategekimana: Decision on Appeal against Decision on referral, 04-12-2008Pros. v. I. Hategekimana: Decision on referral, 19-6-2008Pros. v. I. Hategekimana: Indictment, 07-11-2000Pros. v. I. Nizeyimana: Indictment, 7-11-2000Pros. v. J-B. Barayagwiza: Amended Indictment, 13-4-2000Pros. v. J-B. Barayagwiza: Arrêt (Demande en révision ou réexamen), 31 mars 2000 (in French)Pros. v. J-B. Barayagwiza: Decision (Prosecutor's request for review or reconsideration) 31 March 2000Pros. v. J-B. Barayagwiza: Decision, 3 November 1999Pros. v. J-B. Gatete: Amended Indictment, 10-05-2005Pros. v. J-B. Gatete: Decision on referral, 17-11-2008Pros. v. J-B. Uwinkindi: Indictment, 5-9-2001Pros. v. J-D. Kamuhanda: Appeals Judgement, 19-9-2005Pros. v. J-D. Kamuhanda: Indictment, 10-11-2000Pros. v. J-D. Kamuhanda: Judge Maqutu's Dissent on the Sentence, 22-1-2004Pros. v. J-D. Kamuhanda: Judge Maqutu's Separate and Concurring Opinion, 22-1-2004Pros. v. J-D. Kamuhanda: Judgement, 22-1-2004Pros. v. J-D. Kamuhanda: Summary of Appeals Judgement, 19-9-2005Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Amended indictment, 13-2-1996Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Appeals Chamber Judgement, 1-6-2001Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision concerning a replacement of an assigned defence counsel, 31-10-1996Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on a defence motion for the appearance of an accused as an expert witness, 9-3-1998Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on a defence motion for the transfer, appearance and protection of 13 detained witnesses, 9-3-1998Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on a motion for summonses and protection of witnesses called by the Defence, 17-2-1998Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on a motion for the appearance and protection of witnesses called by the defence, 9-2-1998Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on postponement of trial, 13-1-1997Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on postponement of trial, 27-9-1996Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on the defence motions to direct the prosecutor to investigate (false testimony by a witness), 9-3-1998Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on the motion for the transfer and protection of defence witnesses, 26-2-1998Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on the preliminary motion for protective measures of witnesses, 27-9-1996Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on the preliminary motion submitted by the defence, 27-9-1996Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Decision on the request of the accused for the replacement of assigned counsel, 20-11-1996Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Issuance of warning against defence counsels, 19-3-1998Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Judgement, 2-9-1998Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Order for temporary transfer of 3 detained witnesses (Rule 90bis), 31-10-1997Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Order for transfer of a detained witness (Rule 90bis), 29-10-1996Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Order granting leave for Amicus Curiae to appear, 12-2-1998Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Order to authorize photographing and video-recording during proceedings, 25-2-1998Pros. v. J-P. Akayesu: Sentence, 2-10-1998Pros. v. J. Kajelijeli: Judgment, 1-12-2003Pros. v. J. Kajelijeli: Appeals Judgment, 23-5-2005Pros. v. J. Kajelijeli: Dissenting Opinion of Judge Arlette Ramaroson, 1-12-2003Pros. v. J. Kajelijeli: Indictement, 25-1-2001Pros. v. J. Kambanda: Appeals Chamber Judgement, 19-10-2000Pros. v. J. Kambanda: Decision on the Appelant's motion for admission of new evidence, 13-6-2000Pros. v. J. Kambanda: Decision ordering the continued detention, 1-5-1998Pros. v. J. Kambanda: Extension of the provisional detention, 16-9-1997Pros. v. J. Kambanda: Indictment, 16-10-1997Pros. v. J. Kambanda: Judgement and sentence, 4-9-1998Pros. v. J. Mpambara: Amended Indictment, 27-11-2004Pros. v. J. Mpambara: Judgement, 11-9-2006Pros. v. J. Nzabirinda: Indictment, 6-12-2001Pros. v. J. Nzabirinda: Sentencing Judgement, 23-2-2007Pros. v. J. Rugumbarara: Amended Indictment, 2-7-2007Pros. v. J. Rugumbarara: Summary of Judgement, 17-11-2007Pros. v. J. Serugendo: Indictment, 21-7-2005Pros. v. J. Serugendo: Judgement and Sentence, 12-6-2006Pros. v. J. Serugendo: Summary of the judgement and sentence, 12-6-2006Pros. v. L. Bucyibaruta: Decision on request to refer, 20-11-2007Pros. v. L. Bucyibaruta: Indictment, 16-6-2005Pros. v. L. Bucyibaruta: Order for additional information in the remand to french autorities, 10-10-2007 (only in french)Pros. v. L. Bucyibaruta: Order for withdrawal of confidentiality, 12-11-2007 (only in french)Pros. v. L. Nshogoza: Indictment, 07-01-08Pros. v. L. Ntaganzwa: Indictment, 1-12-1998Pros. v. L. Rusatira, Decision on withdrawal of indictment, 14-8-2002Pros. v. L. Rusatira, Indictment, 21-2-2001Pros. v. M. Bagaragaza, Sentencing Judgement, 17-11-2009Pros. v. M. Bagaragaza: Decision on Prosecutor's request for referral of the indictment to the Kingdom of The Netherlands, 13-4-2007Pros. v. M. Bagaragaza: Decision on Prosecutor's request for referral of the indictment to the Kingdom of The NetherlandsPros. v. M. Bagaragaza: Decision on Rule 11bis Appeal, 30-8-2006Pros. v. M. Bagaragaza: Decision on the Prosecution motion for referral to the Kingdom of Norway, 19-5-2006Pros. v. M. Bagaragaza: Indictment, 1-12-2006Pros. v. M. Muhimana: Appeal Judgment, 21-5-2007Pros. v. M. Muhimana: Appeals Judgement, 21-5-2007Pros. v. M. Muhimana: Appeals Judgment, 21-5-2007Pros. v. M. Muhimana: Judgement and sentence, 28-4-2005Pros. v. M. Muhimana: Revised Amended Indictment, 3-2-2004Pros. v. M. Muhimana: Summary of the judgement, 28-4-2005Pros. v. P. Bisengimana: Corrigendum to judgement and sentence, 20-4-2006Pros. v. P. Bisengimana: Decision on the Prosecutor's request for leave to amend the indictment, 27-10-2005Pros. v. P. Bisengimana: Décision relative à l'examen d'un accord sur le plaidoyer de culpabilité, 17-11-2005 (in French)Pros. v. P. Bisengimana: Indictment, 1-7-2000Pros. v. P. Bisengimana: Judgement and sentence, 13-4-2006Pros. v. P. Nyiramasuhuko et al.: Indictment, 02-11-2000Pros. v. P. Zigiranyirazo: Amended Indictment, 7-3-2005Pros. v. P. Zigiranyirazo: Appeal Judgement, 16-11-2009Pros. v. P. Zigiranyirazo: Judgement, 18-12-2008Pros. v. S. Bikindi: Amended Indictment, 15-6-2005Pros. v. S. Bikindi: Judgement, 2-12-2008Pros. v. S. Bikindi: Summary of Judgement, 2-12-2008Pros. v. S. Gacumbitsi: Appeals Judgment, 7-7-2006Pros. v. S. Gacumbitsi: Indictment, 20-6-2001Pros. v. S. Gacumbitsi: Judgment, 17-6-2004Pros. v. S. Gacumbitsi: Summary of the Judgment, 17-6-2004Pros. v. S. Gacumbitsi: Warrant of Arrest and Order for Transfer and Detention, 20-6-2001Pros. v. S. Imanishimwe and E. Bagambiki: Indictment, 9-10-1997Pros. v. S. Musabyimana, Indictment, 15-3-2001Pros. v. S. Nchamihigo: Amended Indictment, 18-7-2006Pros. v. S. Nchamihigo: Judgement and Sentence, 12-11-2008Pros. v. S. Nchamihigo: Summary of Judgement, 24-9-2008Pros. v. T. Bagosora et al: Judgement and Sentence, 18-12-2008Pros. v. T. Bagosora et al: Summary of Judgement, 18-12-2008Pros. v. T. Bagosora: Amended Indictment, 12-8-1999Pros. v. T. Bagosora: Amended Indictment, 12-8-1999Pros. v. T. Muvunyi: Appeals Judgement, 29-8-2008Pros. v. T. Muvunyi: Indictment, 3-11-2000Pros. v. T. Muvunyi: Judgement and sentence, 12-9-2006Pros. v. T. Muvunyi: Summary of Judgement, 12-9-2006Pros. v. T. Renzaho: Indictment, 11-11-2002Pros. v. T. Renzaho: Judgement, 14-7-2009Pros. v. V. Rutaganira: Indictment, 29-4-1996Pros. v. V. Rutaganira: Summary of Judgement, 14-3-2003Pros. v. W. Munyeshyaka, Decision on request to refer, 20-11-2007Pros. v. W. Munyeshyaka, Indictment, 20-7-2005Pros. v. Y. Munyakazi: Decision on Appeal against decision on referral, 8-10-2008Pros. v. Y. Munyakazi: Decision on request for referral to Rwanda, 28-5-2008Pros. v. Y. Munyakazi: Indictment, 27-11-2002Pros. v. Y. Munyakazi: Summary of Judgement, 30-06-10
Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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