The International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) was established in 1994 by United Nations Security Council Resolution 955. It was established to prosecute those responsible for genocide and other serious violations of international humanitarian law committed in the territory of Rwanda between January and December 1994. The ICTR is has its seat in Arusha, Tanzania although its Appeals Chamber is located in The Hague.
In Resolution 1503 (2003), the UN Security Council called on the ICTR to complete all trials at first instance by the end of 2008 and all appeals by 2010. It is unlikely that these deadlines will be met however and in mid-2008 the ICTR Prosecutor requested that the Security Council extend the completion dates.