New maritime dispute before the ICJ: Peru v. Chile 16 Jan 2008
Peru has instituted proceedings before the ICJ regarding a maritime dispute with its neighbour Chile.

Peru and Chile lie on the western coast of South AmericaOn 16 January 2008, Peru instituted proceeding before the International Court of Justice (ICJ) regarding a maritime dispute with its neighbour Chile. Peru asks the ICJ to define the maritime territorial boundary between Peru and Chile.

The dispute is in relation to the delimitation of the boundary between the maritime zones in the Pacific Ocean of the two states, beginning at a point on the coast called Concordia, the terminal point of the mutual land boundary established pursuant to the Treaty of 3 June 1929. The dispute also deals with the recognition in favour of Peru of a maritime zone lying within 200 nautical miles of Peru’s coast, which Chile considers to be part of the high seas. The attribution of sovereignty over the zone will have consequences mainly regarding fishing in the area.

According to Peru, the maritime zones between the two states have never been delimited by agreement or otherwise. Accordingly, it has asked the Court to determine delimitation on the basis of customary international law. On its side, Chile claims that a delimitation line was established by treaty in 1952 and 1954.

Concerning the Court’s jurisdiction, Peru evokes Article XXXI of the Pact of Bogotá (American Treaty of Pacific Settlement) which provides that the High Contracting Parties declare that they recognise, in relation to any other State Party, the jurisdiction of the Court as compulsory ipso facto. Chile and Peru are both part to this treaty, without reservation.

Press release
Application instituting proceedings

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