Application of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (Georgia v. Russia)

Click here for enlarged map of Georgia (Source: BBC News)On 12 August, 2008 the Republic of Georgia instituted proceedings against the Russian Federation in the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for its “actions on and around the territory of Georgia”. Georgia alleges that the interventions were in breach of the 1965 International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (CERD). Georgia claims that Russia has violated the CERD through three phases of intervention in South Ossetia and Abkhazia, two de facto independent regions of Georgia, between 1990 and August 2008.

In its Application instituting proceedings, Georgia claims, inter alia, that the “Russian Federation, through its State organs, State agents, and other persons and entities exercising governmental authority, and through the South Ossetian and Abkhaz separatist forces...under the direction and control of the Russian Federation, is responsible for serious violations of its fundamental obligations under [the] CERD, including Articles 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6.”

Georgia requests the ICJ to order “the Russian Federation to take all steps necessary to comply with its obligations under [the] CERD.” Georgia also invokes Art. IX of the Genocide Convention as an additional basis of jurisdiction.

Research/ miscellaneous (Research Document)
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